Hummingbirds, bats, bees, beetles, butterflies, and flies are hard-working animals helping to pollinate over 75% of our flowering plants, and nearly 75% of our crops. They carry pollen from one plant to another as they collect nectar. Without them, wildlife would have fewer nutritious berries and seeds, and we would miss many fruits, vegetables, and nuts, such as blueberries, squash, and almonds to name a few.

They play a crucial role in flowering plant reproduction and in the production of most fruits and vegetables. Without the assistance of pollinator's, most plants cannot produce fruits and seeds. The fruits and seeds of flowering plants are an important food source for people and wildlife. Some of the seeds that are not eaten will eventually produce new plants, helping to maintain the plant population.

Want to know more about bees and the critical role they play in the health of this planet? Click here to find out.
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BELL-CORYELL BEEKEEPERS ASSOCIATION May, 2016
The next meeting of the Bell-Coryell Beekeepers Assoc. will be Thursday, May 19th at 7:00 pm at the Trinity Worship Center, 1802 ML King Jr. Drive, Copperas Cove.

Honey Trivia
1. How many flowers must honey bees tap to make one pound of honey? Two million.
2. How far does a hive of bees fly to bring you one pound of honey? Over 55,000 miles.
3. How much honey does the average worker honey bee make in her lifetime? 1/12 teaspoon.
4. How fast does a honey bee fly? About 15 miles per hour.
5. How much honey would it take to fuel a bee’s flight around the world? About one ounce.
6. What is mead? Honey wine.
7. What Scottish liqueur is made with honey? Drambuie
8. How many sides does each honeycomb cell have? Six
9. What is the U.S. per capita consumption of honey? On average, each person consumes about 1.3 pounds per year.
10. What state is known as the beehive state? Utah
11. How many wings does a honey bee have? Four
12. How many beekeepers are there in the United States? USDA has estimated that there are between 139,600 and 212,000 beekeepers in the United States. Most are hobbyists with less than 25 hives.
13. How many honey-producing colonies of bees are there in the United States? The USDA estimates that there are approximately 2.68 million honey producing colonies. This estimate is based on beekeepers who managed five or more colonies in 2010.
14. How many flowers does a honey bee visit during one collection trip? 50-100.
15. How do honey bees communicate with one another? “Dancing.” Honey bees do a dance which alerts other bees where nectar and pollen was located. The dance explains direction and distance. Bees also communicate with pheromones.
16. What does “super” mean to a beekeeper? The super is the hive box in which honey is stored.
Fun Facts
 Bees belong to the third largest insect order which also includes wasps and ants.
 There are three types of bees in the hive – Queen, Worker and Drone.
 Workers live about 45 days in the summer, drones are driven out of the hive in the fall. Queens can live for up to 5 years.
 The queen may lay 1,500 or more eggs each day. This daily egg production may equal her own weight. She is constantly fed and groomed by attendant worker bees.
 Honey bees fly at 15 miles per hour.
 Honey bees' wings stroke 11,400 times per minute, thus making their distinctive buzz.
 Honeybees are the only insect that produce food used by humans.
 Honeybees can travel approximately 3 - 4 miles from their hive searching for food.
 Honey bees produce beeswax from eight paired glands on the underside of their abdomen.
 Honey bees must consume about 8 pounds of honey to biochemically produce each pound of beeswax.
 Honeybees are the only bees that die after they sting.
 Honeybees are responsible for pollinating approximately 80% of all fruit, vegetable and seed crops in the U.S.
 Honeybees have five eyes, 3 small ones on top of the head and two big ones in front. They also have hair on their eyes.
 Honeybees can see two things we cannot. One is in the ultraviolet and another is plane polarized light.
 If a bee entered a movie theater, they would not see a continuous motion movie, but rather each individual frame.
 Bees communicate with each other by dancing and by using pheromones (scents).
 Bees brains are the size of a sesame seed, about 20,000 times less massive than the human brain.
 Bees can recognize individual human faces
If you have any questions regarding native plants or which native plants would benefit the bees the most, please contact Ilse Meier at fuldawasser@aol.com or 254-630-6760. She has offered her expertise in native plants to the club.
If anyone has any information that they would like to see in future newsletters, please let me know.
At the June meeting the Texas Honey Princess, Miss Willow Lanchester will visit us here in Copperas Cove. She will have a presentation for us in lieu of the normal program. Don’t miss Willow, she gives a great presentation.
Toi Maddox
toi_maddox@yahoo.com
toi@templelawoffice.com
BEE SCHOOL
I have had several requests for when there might be a Bee School available, especially for those new to beekeeping. 
Some choices are:
1) The Texas Beekeepers Association, Summer Clinic will be held in Conroe on June 18.  Go to www.texasbeekeepers.org for more information.  I mentioned this at the last meeting.  I will send out more information on this next week.
2) Michael Kelling, President of the Central Texas Beekeepers Association in Brenham is offering the following:  "I personally offer small beginner beekeeping classes at my barn 3 miles east of  Brenham.  My next class is next Saturday, May 14.  The one following that is June 25.  These are entitled Beginning Beekeeping for Hobbyist.  If you are interested, please call me for reservations and location.  I limit classes to 15 students so you get much more attention than a large school.  We spend lots of time suited up and looking in bee hives."  His number is: (979) 830-1700,  email: centraltexasbeekeepers@gmail.com .
3) The Brazos Valley Beekeepers host a school in the fall.  You will have to go to their site to find the date.  Go to: http://www.bvbeeks.org/ for information.
4) The Austin Area Beekeepers holds a school in the winter. Go to: http://www.meetup.com/Austin-Urban-Beekeeping/ for more information.


Dennis M Herbert, President - Bell-Coryell Beekeepers Assoc.
Wildlife Biologist and Natural Resource Manager    Conservation 1 Wildlife and Land Management Services
P.O. Box 781 Salado, TX 76571    254.742.8465 (c) 254.947.8604 (o)
conservation1@earthlink.net  www.conservation1.com